05 November 2018
Editing HTML and CSS code can be done without any specific tools. In fact, if you have a simple text editor, you are good to go. However, just because you can do something doesn’t mean it is the best way to do it – and that applies to web development as well.
If you use proper tools for your work, not only will you make things easier for yourself, but you will also step it up on the quality level. We noticed that at TMS while working to create wpDataTables and the Amelia WordPress Booking Plugin. With that in mind, we are well aware that not everybody can or want to spend lots of money on the best HTML editor. Luckily, they don’t have to.
So let’s dig a bit deeper and find the best IDE for web development.
What is the difference between IDE and Text Editor?
Of course, they come with a bunch of convenient features such as syntax highlighting, customizable interfaces, and extensive navigation tools, you will need additional features to make a functional app. For example, you will need a debugger and a compiler.
However, with the best IDEs, you won’t have to worry about that. They often come with additional tools for automating, testing, and visualizing the development process. Basically, they equip you with everything you need to turn code into a functioning app or program.
If an advanced text editor is enough for your tasks, you may check out this comparison of the best 13 editors to pick one that would work best for you.
It provides great syntax highlighting and auto-complete with IntelliSense based on variable types, function definitions, and imported modules. It also allows you to debug code by launching or attaching to your running apps debug with breakpoints, call stacks, and an interactive console.
Similar to how you can use a drag and drop website builder to facilitate your site creation process, Visual Studio Code allows you to use the same functionality on the workbench or even to move tabs around.
To get the most productivity out of the Visual Studio Code, we recommend this quick 1-hour online course, which will guide you through adding custom hotkeys, creating templates and boilerplates to increase coding speed, integrating with GitHub to be able to work on Git repositories without leaving VS Code.
2. RJ TextEd
- Code folding
- Column mode
- Multi-edit and multi-select
- Document map
- Annotation bar
- Advanced sorting
- Handles both ASCII and binary files
- CSS and HTML wizards
- Highlighting of colors in CSS/SASS/LESS
- An advanced color hint that can convert between color formats
- Dockable panels
- FTP and SFTP client with synchronization
- File explorer, text clips, code explorer, project manager
- Convert between code pages, Unicode formats and text formats
- Unicode and ANSI code page detection
- Open/Save UTF-8 encoded files without a signature (BOM)
- Unicode file paths and file names
- HTML validation, format, and repair
- Tools available like syntax editor, color picker, charmap
3. Light Table
Light Table is a reactive work surface for the creation and exploration of apps or programs. It’s a quite unique web development IDE based on a simple idea that people need a real work surface to code on rather than just using an editor.
With Light Table, you can move things around, keep clutter down, bring information to the places you need it most etc. In addition to that, Light Table is a standalone app and you can run it just like any other editor you have been using so far.
Here are the guiding principles of this cool web development IDE:
- You don’t have to look for documentation
- Files are not the best representation of code, just a convenient serialization
- Editors can be anywhere and show you anything – not just text
- Trying is encouraged – changes produce instantaneous results
- We can shine some light on related bits of code
It is also a great AngularJS IDE as well as a fantastic tool for working with Node.js, Knockout.js etc. In addition to all that, it is available in a variety of languages including English, Brazilian Portuguese, Japanese, Russian, and Simplified Chinese.
As NetBeans IDE is a massive package, configuring the environment, setting up the debugger, deploying and executing an app could be tricky when you’re just getting started – this short NetBeans crash course will help you to get started.
Brackets is the best web IDE if you are looking for an editor that understands web design. It comes with a great set of visual tools, such as website form creators or other, preprocessor supports and it has been created by web designers for web designers.
Another great thing about this web development IDE is the fact that it is open source and completely free of charge. In addition to that, it has a big and passionate community which is always there to help.
Here are some of the Bracket’s useful and unique features:
- Inline Editors: you can simply open a window into the code you care about most instead of jumping between file tabs.
- Live Preview: allows you to get a real-time connection to your browser; whenever you make changes to HTML and CSS, you immediately see the changes on the screen
- Preprocessor Support: allows you to use Quick Edit and Live Highlight with your LESS and SCSS files which will make working with them much easier than usually
To get started with Brackets quickly make sure to watch this short 40-minute set of tutorials.
6. Komodo Edit
- Customizable UI including split view and multi-window editing
- Version control integration for Bazaar, CVS, Git, Mercurial, Perforce and Subversion
- Python and PHP code profiling
- Convenient code collaboration for multi-user editing
- Deploy to the cloud thanks to Stackato PaaS
- Graphical debugging for NodeJS, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, and Tcl
- Autocomplete and refactoring
- Consistent performance across Mac, Linux and Windows platforms
- Many add-ons allow a high level of customization
However, we have to mention that there have been some complaints about the free version not enabling all of the features.
Atom comes pre-installed with four UI and eight syntax themes in a variety of colors. The rich and supportive community also creates cool themes for everybody to use so you might find what you’re looking for there.
Here are some of the Atom’s best features:
- It works across different operating systems such as OS X, Windows, or Linux
- Find, preview, and replace text as you type in a file or across all your projects.
- Easily browse and open a single file, a whole project, or multiple projects in one window.
This 2-hour set of video tutorials by Ray Villalobos helps to quickly onboard to all Atom’s features, including advanced ones like Atom Teletype, integration with Github and others.
Many users, even ones that work with Sublime for many years, do not realize that it can actually be configured as a fully-featured IDE, with features like code autocompletion, using snippets and macros, etc. This 2-hour video course will help both beginners and advanced users to tweak Sublime the way that would work best for them.
Notepad++ is an opensource IDE and one of the top free IDEs written in C++. It supports over 50 languages and while it is not far from being the best IDE for Windows, you have to keep in mind that it is available for Windows only.
Here are the key features:
- Compatible with Windows, Linux, and Mac OS
- Comes with Django IDE
- Easy to integrate with Git, Mercurial, and SVN
- Customizable interface with VIM emulation
- Supports Google App Engine
However, we have to mention that the users sometimes complain about PyCharm having certain bugs, such as the autocomplete feature occasionally not working.
If you’re just starting your Python learning path, this 2-hour video course by Bruce Van Horn, a Senior Python developer, which combines a quickstart guide both for PyCharm and Python as a language itself, could be a worthwhile time investment. The course covers PyCharm installation, integrating it with Git, SQL systems, configuring the debugger, etc. – in parallel explaining the Python basics as well.
11. IntelliJ IDEA
IntelliJ IDEA is a great web development IDE that offers several plans. There is a free community version but if you want to take advantage of all the Java Script development tools it has to offer, you should consider checking out the paid-for Ultimate Edition. It might actually be worth your while.
IntelliJ IDEA is a great CSS IDE, but it also supports a wide variety of programming languages such as AngularJS, CoffeeScript, HTML, JS, LESS, Node JS, PHP, Python, Ruby, Sass, TypeScript, and more.
The most important features include:
- Extensive database editor and UML designer
- Supports multiple build systems
- Test runner UI
- Code coverage
- Git integration
- Supports Google App Engine, Grails, GWT, Hibernate, Java EE, OSGi, Play, Spring, Struts, and more
- Deployment and debugging tools for most application servers
- Intelligent text editors for HTML, CSS, and Java
- Integrated version control
- AIR Mobile supports Android and iOS devices
However, keep in mind that while it might be the best JS editor, IntelliJ comes with a pretty steep learning curve so it is probably not the best option for absolute beginners.
RubyMine is a premium web development IDE and while you will be able to get a free trial, this IDE isn’t free of charge. However, if you are a Ruby enthusiast, it is definitely worth checking out.
Notable features include:
- Code snippets, autocomplete and automatic refactoring
- Project tree allows for quick code analysis
- Rails Models Diagram
- Rails Project View
- RubyMotion allows for the iOS development
- Stack support includes Bundler, pik, rbenv, RVM and more
- Integration with CVS, Git, Mercurial, Perforce and Subversion
- Bundled keyboard schemes
- Code inspections for possible errors
Note: Keep in mind that you need at least 4GB of RAM for RubyMine to run smoothly.
PHPStorm is another IDE developed by JetBrains. It is the best coding environment for web developers that work with PHP Frameworks like WordPress, Symfony, Laravel, Zend Framework, Drupal, Magento, Yii, and others.
It is renowned for its Visual Debugger that has zero-configuration and provides detailed insight into everything that happens in your code and application.
Among the features you can use for PHP coding are:
- Compatible with Windows, Linux, and Mac OS
- Automatic code completion
- Error highlighting
- Remote deployment
- HTML and CSS Editor
- Command-line tools
- Smart code navigator
- Refactoring and debugging tools
- REST Client
- Unit testing
Thanks to the Version Control Systems integration, you can easily perform many routine tasks. It has intelligent coding assistance that will automatically take care of your code and check if it is okay while you type.
Additionally, you can refactor your code using reliable options for moving, renaming, deleting, extracting methods, manipulating variables, pushing members up, pulling members down and many other refactorings. With the language-specific refactorings, you can make project-wide changes safely undo them with just a few clicks.
- Compatible with Windows, Linux, and Mac OS
- Intelligent Code Completion
- Multi-line todos
- Automated refactoring of code
- Syntax error detection
- Unit testing
- Convert to variables with arrow functions
- Integration with VCS
- Cross-platform features
- Powerful navigation
- Parameter hints
- Seamless tool integration
- Git integration
WebStorm also gives you one place within the IDE where you can run Grunt, Gulp, and NPM tasks. It takes advantage of intelligent support and increases your productivity with its automation.
Additionally, it has a cool feature called secret service or Spy.js, where you don’t have logs to trace, debug, and profile. The feature triggers a node.js server into running a proxy that will intercept all browser traffic and enable you to edit a JS file as you go.
Ending thoughts on web development IDE
Choosing the right web development IDE comes to a lot of different factors. The bottom line is that if you find the one that works best with the programming language you are the most comfortable using, you will never go back to plain text editors.
There are many great options out there when it comes to IDEs so you should probably test as many of the free ones as you can and take it from there. Hopefully, you will find just the right one for your next web development project.
If you enjoyed reading this article on best IDE for web development, you should check out this one about Python vs PHP.
We also wrote about a few related subjects like Python web development, Python frameworks, web developer interview questions, Python interview questions, Node.js interview questions and React interview questions.