Web development comes with a huge set of rules and techniques every website developer should know about. If you want a website to look and function as you wish them to, you need to get familiar with web technologies that will help you achieve your goal.
If you’re seeking to enhance your knowledge and skills in web development, enrolling in a web developer course can provide you with structured learning and in-depth insights into essential concepts, programming languages, and frameworks used in the field.
Fret not if it is not coming easily to you immediately. You may need more time, training, and patience to dive deeper into the subject, but you’ll end up with a good understanding eventually. You can even consider YouTube to be a valuable resource. After you’ve learned, you’ll be able to effectively share your knowledge there. In the beginning, you can consider using strategies such as buy YouTube subscribers to reach a larger audience and ensure your insights are not overlooked.
We present you with an introduction to web technologies and the latest web technologies list hoping it will make things at least a bit easier for you. Now, let’s take a look.
What Does Web Technology Mean?
You have probably heard the term “web development technologies” before, but did you ever think about what it actually means?
Since computers can’t communicate with each other the way people do, they require codes instead. Web technologies are the markup languages such as HTML, XML, and XHTML and multimedia packages computers use to communicate.
Browsers request information and then they show us in the way we can understand. Think of them as the interpreters of the web. Here are the most popular ones:
Google Chrome – Currently, the most popular browser brought to you by Google
Safari – Apple’s web browser
Firefox – Open-source browser supported by the Mozilla Foundation
Internet Explorer – Microsoft’s browser
2. HTML & CSS
HTML is one of the first you should learn. Thanks to HTML, the web browsers know what to show once they receive the request. If you want to better understand how HTML works, you also need to know what CSS is.
CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets and it describes how HTML elements are to be displayed on the screen. If you browse enough tutorials, you’ll soon create CSS text effects, page transitions, image hover effects, and more.
3. Web Development Frameworks
Web development frameworks are a starting point of items that a developer can use to avoid doing the simple or mundane tasks, and instead get right to work.
Angular is one of the latest web technologies designed specifically for developing dynamic web applications. With this framework, you can easily create front-end based applications without needing to use other frameworks or plugins.
The features include well-made templates, MVC architecture, code generation, code splitting etc. All the expressions are like code snippets that enclosed within curly braces and do not use any loops or conditional statements.
Learn Angular and increase your revenue: Angular – The Complete Guide. Rating: 4.6 (193,080 ratings) and 718,547 students
Ruby on Rails is a server-side website technology that makes app development much easier and faster. The thing that really sets this framework apart is the reusability of the code as well as some other cool features that will help you get the job done in no time.
Learn Ruby and increase your revenue: Comprehensive Ruby Programming. Rating: 4.6/5 (1,922 ratings) and 9,498 students
Meteor JS is written in Node.js and it makes it possible for you to create real-time web applications for different platforms. The framework for creating simple websites for personal use really stands out with Meteor JS.
Learn Meteor and create awesome web apps with this highly-rated course. (1,985 ratings) and 10,392 students.
Django is one of the most popular frameworks written in Python and follows MVC architecture. It makes the app development process much easier thanks to its simplicity. Django has been used to create online brochure makers, internal communications tools and more
Django simplifies using Python a lot and provides multiple tools that make a web app developer’s life easier – e.g. an ORM, Models, Django admin, templates, etc.
Learn Python and create awesome web projects. We recommend this course: Python and Django Full Stack Web Developer Bootcamp. 4.5/5 (48,683 ratings) and 203,503 students.
Laravel is a PHP development framework ideal for small websites. It comes with a number of useful features including the MVC support, object-oriented libraries, Artisan, authorization technique, database migration, etc. Currently, it is one of the most community-supported and community-developed frameworks, and given that PHP has one of the largest communities out there, Laravel is a great tool powering both small websites and large-scale B2B portals managing millions of transactions daily.
Recommended course to polish your skills: PHP with Laravel for beginners – Become a Master in Laravel. Rating: 4.4/5 (12,574 ratings) and 55,944 students.
Developed in Node.js, Express.js is a web app development network that is great for those who need to develop apps and APIs as fast as possible. A lot of great features are provided with the help of plugins.
This course provides a good insight into the advanced usage of Express.js in combination with MongoDB and Mongoose and shows different ways of deploying an Express app and running it in production.
Zend is an open-source framework based on PHP, focused on building more secure and reliable web apps and services. It is one of the first enterprise-level MVC frameworks, which came before the current superhits such as Laravel or Symfony, and many popular PHP engines such as Magento were built in Zend.
Today Zend is still under active development, and even though it may be less popular than its opensource siblings, it is a great solution for a large-scale PHP app.
Yii is an open-source web application development framework built in PHP5. It is performance-optimized and comes with a number of great tools for debugging and app testing. Another plus is that it is pretty simple and easy to use.
4. Programming Languages
As we explained before, since computers don’t use languages that are anything like human languages, they need a different way to communicate. Here are some of the most popular programming languages:
Python – used by the Django framework as well as in the majority of mathematical calculations
Ruby – used by the Ruby on Rails framework
Go – newer language, built for speed
Swift – Apple’s newest programming language
Java – used by Android and a lot of desktop applications.
So let’s talk about the most popular ones in a bit more detail.
The developers love Ruby – and for all the right reasons. Designed to be user-friendly and really easy to use, it’s no wonder that this programming language is often called “a programmer’s best friend.”
What you can expect from Ruby is a shorter, readable code. Unfortunately, that sometimes means lower efficiency compared to other programming languages – but it also means higher productivity.
If you are a beginner in the web development world, Ruby would be a great choice for the first programming language to learn. A well-written Ruby code can be almost as readable as the sentence in plain English language.
But the real reason most people use Ruby is its popular framework — Ruby on Rails which we mentioned earlier in the text. The great productivity achieved with Rails makes it a common choice for startups who aim for a running start.
Elixir appeared back in 2011 and gained popularity almost immediately. It was inspired by Erlang, a language developed back in the ‘80s by Ericsson. Elixir’s author José Valim himself said that he loved Erlang, but also noticed some things that could use a bit of improvement.
Scala stands for Scalable Language, and is one of the many attempts to “rewrite Java” and it is compiled to run on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). It is safe to say this programming language turned out to be quite a success taking into consideration that companies like LinkedIn, Twitter, and The Guardian use it in their codebases. Scala is known to be a complex language but also a language worth learning.
The instructions for how to pass information back and forth between computers and devices are commonly known as protocols.
Uses WebSockets to create a consistent connection between the client and the server. As a result of that, you get website updates in real-time without having to refresh the browser.
Used mostly for API’s, this protocol has standard methods like GET, POST, and PUT that let information be exchanged between applications.
An API (Application Programming Interface) allows other developers to use some of the app’s functionality without sharing the code.
The endpoints are exposed by the developers while the API can control access with an API key. Examples of well-made APIs are those created by Facebook, Twitter, and Google for their web services.
7. Data formats
Data is stored in a structure called a data format.
XML – Predominantly used by Microsoft systems, it used to be the most popular data format
CSV – is data formatted by commas; for example Excel data
8. Client (or Client-side)
Each user of an application is called a client. Clients can be computers, mobile devices, tablets etc. Usually, multiple clients are interacting with the same app stored on a server.
9. Server (or Server-side)
The application code is usually stored on the server. The clients make requests to the servers. The servers then respond to those requests after gathering the requested information.
FAQs about web technologies
1. What is HTML and what is its role in web development?
A markup language called HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is used to create online pages and apps. It gives the material on a webpage a structure, including headings, paragraphs, graphics, and links.
2. What is CSS and how is it used in web design?
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a language for creating stylesheets that describe how HTML or XML documents should be displayed. It enables developers to construct more intricate and aesthetically pleasing web layouts by separating the structural design of a web page from its visual design.
Being able to alter the appearance of text, colors, backgrounds, borders, and other visual elements makes CSS a powerful tool for developing web pages that are both aesthetically pleasing and useful.
4. What is a responsive design and why is it important?
A web design technique called responsive design makes sure that a website can adjust to the size of the screen it is being seen on. This implies that a website will work and appear excellent across all platforms, including desktops and mobile devices.
An adaptable design is essential for ensuring a website’s usability and accessibility given the proliferation of mobile devices.
Also, a responsive website offers a better user experience because it requires less zooming and scrolling for users to access the content.
5. What is a web framework and how does it make web development easier?
A software framework called a web framework offers a standardized method for creating and deploying web applications. It often comes with a collection of best practices, frameworks, and tools that facilitate the creation, testing, and upkeep of online applications.
With the help of web frameworks, developers may concentrate on creating high-level features and functionality by abstracting away many of the low-level aspects of web development.
Ruby on Rails, Django, and React are a few well-known web frameworks.
6. What is a content management system (CMS) and what are some popular examples?
Users can develop, manage, and publish digital material, such as websites, blogs, and online stores, using a content management system (CMS), which is a software program.
A CMS often has an intuitive user interface, web page design templates, and tools for managing content like text and photos. WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla are a few of the well-known CMS platforms.
7. What is a web server and how does it work?
A web server is a piece of software that uses the internet to send customers web pages and other content.
A web page is requested by a user, and the web server responds by processing the request, retrieving the necessary information from a database or file system, and sending it back to the client as an HTTP response.
Several programming languages and web technologies, like PHP, Ruby, and Python, can be supported by web servers.
8. What is the difference between client-side and server-side scripting?
On the other hand, server-side scripting describes the use of code that is run on a web server before being delivered to the client. For processing form data, gaining access to databases, and producing dynamic content, server-side scripts are frequently employed.
While server-side scripting is more secure and capable of handling more sophisticated processes, client-side scripting is quicker and more responsive.
9. What are some common web development tools and software?
Web developers have access to a wide range of software and tools, including text editors, web servers, IDEs, and version control programs.
Visual Studio Code and Sublime Text are a few well-liked text editors. Code completion and debugging are among the extra features offered by IDEs like Eclipse, NetBeans, and IntelliJ IDEA.
Online content is hosted and served via web servers like Apache, Nginx, and IIS. The management of source code changes is done using version control tools like Git and SVN.
10. What is web hosting and how do I choose the right provider?
By the use of web hosting, people and organizations can make their websites available online.
Shared hosting, virtual private servers (VPS), and dedicated hosting servers are among the hosting plans that web hosting companies commonly offer. Considerations for selecting a web hosting company should include uptime, performance, support, and security.
Additionally, it’s important to understand the differences between WordPress hosting vs traditional hosting when selecting a hosting provider, it’s important to evaluate whether your website requires the specialized features of WordPress hosting or if traditional hosting will suffice.
Also, it’s critical to take into account the particular requirements of your website, such as bandwidth and storage needs, and select a hosting package that satisfies those requirements.
Ending thoughts on the latest web technologies
To stay up to date with the latest web technologies, one has to learn new things all the time. Web technologies are being improved and updated all the time and every web development team should take advantage of that whenever possible.
New web technologies change the entire web development life cycle and it can be hard sometimes to understand all of them in the right way. Luckily, with the right internet technology tutorial, you should be able to learn more about them in no time.
If you enjoyed reading this article on web technologies, you should check out this one about web application development.
- Web Application Testing: Step by Step Process to make it Right - March 22, 2023
- 9 Web Technologies Every Web Developer Must Know - March 17, 2023
- Web Application Development: Resources, Best Practices, and How to do it - March 12, 2023